One of the most common mistakes homeowners make is to wait until they see a leak inside their home before checking out their roof. After all, why look for trouble, right? Unfortunately, avoiding roof maintenance could cost you a lot more money in the long run.
Roof maintenance should be done each spring and fall and after any major storm that could damage it. Depending on the type of roof you have and your ability to access it, you may want to consider hiring a roof inspector to avoid personal injury.
As you might expect, different types of styles and materials are popular in various regions because of architectural tastes and weather patterns. Among the most popular styles are:
1. Gable Roofs
Gable roofs, which have a triangular shape, are inexpensive to build, shed water and snow and offer the benefit of extra attic space or vaulted ceilings. However, they are less common in hurricane-prone areas or places with frequent high winds because they are less wind-resistant than other roof shapes.
2. Hip Roofs
Hip roofs slope on four sides and meet to form a ridge at the top. This gives added strength in high wind and allows snow to slide off easily. However, the extra seams on these roofs make water leaks more common.
3. Mansard Roofs
Mansard roofs have four sides with a double-slope on each side that meet to form a low-pitched roof. The advantage of this roof style is that it allows for additional upper level living space or for a future addition. However, the low-pitched section doesn’t work well in areas with a lot of snow.
4. Barn or Gambrel Roofs
A barn or gambrel roof is similar to a mansard roof but it has only two sides. These roofs are commonly found on barns, farmhouses, and Georgian-style and Dutch Colonial-style houses. Although this roof style allows for extra space indoors, the shape isn’t ideal for areas with high winds or heavy snow.
5. Flat Roofs
Flat roofs, often seen on commercial buildings, are becoming more popular for houses since people can add a roof deck, a green roof or garden, and solar panels to the roof. However, flat roofs are more likely to leak and are less popular in areas with a lot of rain and snow.
Roof materials vary by region:
Asphalt shingles are common in the Northeast. This is because they are lightweight, flexible, resilient and can insulate your house well and support snow.
2. Southeast and Northwest
Metal roofs work well in rainy climates because they aren’t affected by moisture and humidity that can cause mold. They also protect your home in a tropical storm or hurricane.
Slate tiles hold up well against the pressure of heavy snowfall and are among the most durable types of roofs.
3. Great Plains
Wood shingles provide insulation and yet allow air to circulate in the attic. They’re natural products and provide a rustic look that complements cottage, bungalow, Craftsmen-style, Tudor and Cape Cod-style homes.
Clay tiles are extremely durable and energy-efficient. They also provide good air circulation and natural insulation. These tiles complement Mission, Mediterranean and Spanish-style architecture and can withstand harsh sun and heavy rain.
Maintaining Your Roof
Although there are some tasks specific to the material of your roof, all homeowners should regularly sweep, blow or wash debris off their roof. Leaves, sticks and trash that accumulates on your roof can cause a variety of problems. This includes allowing algae to grow, damaging shingles or clogging your gutters. You should also trim tree branches away from your roof to minimize the possibility branches causing damage during a storm and of animals getting into your house.
If you live in an area that gets snow, watch out for too much snow accumulating on your roof. To avoid a roof collapse, buy a roof rake and pull some of the snow off your roof.
Some tasks are specific to your roof type:
Check for rust and use a wire brush to prime and paint the rusted area. Keeping your gutters clean is particularly important for a metal roof, which needs to dry after rain or snow to avoid corrosion.
Remove debris at least three times per year and repair or replace loose or damaged shingles immediately. Make sure tree branches aren’t scraping the roof, which could cause additional wear and tear on the asphalt shingles. Check to see if any of your shingles are curling or buckling, which could mean they need to be replaced.
Slate Tile Roof
Schedule an annual inspection each spring to look for broken or slipped tiles and repair them.
Use a garden house to wash away debris and check for moss, mildew and mold. If you find mold, scrape it away. Then clean with a mix of one quart of bleach, one ounce of detergent and three quarts of warm water.
Clay Tile Roof
Clay tiles can crack or leak, so inspect them annually for leaks or broken tiles. Do an inspection with binoculars and a ladder rather than walking on the roof. Walking could be dangerous and cause more cracks. Use a power washer with warm water and mild dish detergent to clean the roof, but use low pressure to avoid cracking the tiles.
Remember, if you are uncomfortable doing any of these tasks, call a repair person to help with this.
Checking for Damage and Making Repairs
In addition to checking the roof itself, you should also:
- Investigate the flashing, which is the material that seals your chimney to the roof. Also check mortar or caulk, which is used to seal roof joints, for cracks or deterioration that could allow water into your home or allow moss or algae to grow on your roof. If you find signs of deterioration, remove the debris and clean the area before resealing.
- Check for moss or algae when you inspect your roof. If you find some, install (or hire someone to do this) zinc or lead control strips. You can make strips yourself or buy them and tuck them between your shingles to prevent moss and algae growing back.
- Look at your ceiling and attic interior for dark or damp spots or mold. Then try to identify where the leak has occurred. Check your attic to see if you can see any daylight filtering through from the roof. A professional roof inspection and repair is far less costly than waiting until the leak gets worse.
According to the National Roof Certification and Inspection Association, 39 percent of all homeowner insurance claims are for roof issues. You should check your homeowner’s insurance policy annually to make sure your coverage is up to date and that serious roof damage is covered.
Although a roof repair or replacement required because of storm damage is generally covered, a roof replacement required simply because of the age of your roof and normal wear and tear usually won’t be covered. However, if you have interior damage because of your aging roof, such as water damage from a leaky roof, the costs of repairing that damage may be covered even if you must pay for your own roof replacement.
Roof Value Schedule Option
When you review your homeowner’s insurance policy to check your roof coverage, you can check to see whether you have specific deductibles for wind, hail or hurricane damage, which could vary by state. If you do not have a specific deductible for wind, hail or hurricane damage your all peril policy deductible would apply. Typically roofs are covered under the dwelling portion of your policy.
Another option is the “Roof Value Schedule” endorsement, which is available from The Hartford. The RVS endorsement provides an upfront schedule of the percentage of replacement cost that The Hartford will cover, which depends on the age and materials of your roof. The benefit of the RVS schedule for consumers is transparency: you’ll know how much you can expect to receive if you have a covered roof loss. The coverage will gradually reduce over time based on the roof’s age and material.
The RVS endorsement applies only to damage caused by windstorm or hail. If you have an RVS endorsement and your roof is damaged by a fire, you’ll have your full repair or replacement costs covered – minus only your deductible.
When you evaluate your homeowner’s insurance, be sure to estimate your potential out-of-pocket costs and your other financial needs to see if an RVS could be helpful to your individual circumstances. Your insurance company can provide a personalized discussion about your roof coverage based on the age and materials of your roof as well as the risk profile for your area.
Hopefully, between routine maintenance and regular inspections, the roof over your head will protect you and your home for its full expected lifespan and beyond. The more you know about your roof and how to care for it, the more likely it is to provide you with lasting protection.