Getting your home and car ready for spring involves more than putting in screen doors and changing out snow tires. From inspecting the structure of your home for winter damage, readying your yard to become a flourishing display and ensuring that your vehicle is acclimated to run safely in warmer weather to checking your insurance coverage, there is plenty to do.
Here are some essential tasks that will help get your home and auto ready so that you can enjoy the sunshine and warmth.
Your house can take a beating in the winter months. Ice dams, hail and heavy snow can cause damage to your roof, chimney and attic. To assess any damage that the cold winter left behind, start by inspecting your roof. Luckily, you don’t need to climb onto a ladder to do so. Using a pair of binoculars, look for:
- Areas that have missing shingles.
- Shingles that are elevated and could allow water to seep in.
- Shingles with no granules.
- Sagging in the roof.
Also check your gutters and downspouts to make sure that they’re still securely fastened after the long winter.
Check your chimney for:
- Cracks or missing joints between the stones or bricks.
- Vegetation growing out of the stones or bricks.
- White calcium-like build up, which indicates the masonry joints are absorbing water.
You’ll also want to inspect your attic. If there any leaks in the roof, the attic may be taking in water and developing mold. This mold cannot only cause health problems, but it can seriously degrade the integrity of support structures. Check for any gray or black spots on the wood. These spots will often look like stains, as opposed to the fuzzy build-up you might expect for mold.
You should also check your attic for signs of wildlife. Animals will take shelter in any warm place that keeps them out of the elements. Be on the lookout for droppings, claw marks, and any signs of burrowing in the insulation.
In addition to animals, insects may also be making a home in your attic. These signs may indicate that you have an insect infestation:
Soft, brittle support structures. If the wooden support structures feel spongy, or you are able to press a screwdriver into the wood, then it is likely that you have termites.
Wood shavings. Carpenter ants will often leave wood shavings behind after they burrow through damp or rotten wood.
Bees in or outside the attic. If you notice bees swarming around the outside of your attic, chances are you have a bee infestation. And if they’re carpenter bees, some species, which either live in small social groups or by themselves, will bore holes into wooden surfaces.
Wood powder and pinhead-sized holes. Powderpost beetles often lay their eggs in softer woods that are commonly used for structural pieces and wall studs.
Prepping your home for spring isn’t limited to checking for damage and destruction though. The warm weather, increased sunlight and beautiful colors of nature are what make spring such a great time of year. With a few tricks you can enhance your home to fully welcome the season.
You can make the most out of the spring sunlight by swapping out the pillows on your furniture. Any room can be brightened up and made more fitting for spring by swapping out pillows wrapped in heavy, dark fabric with some that are wrapped in linen or printed cotton. Brighter, more vibrant colors can evoke a sense of growth and renewal, but you don’t have to stop at just pillows.
Vases, flowers bouquets, and intricate bottles can also help bring light and color to any room. You can top off your springtime interior decor by selecting citrus fragrances for the rooms of your home. Scent infusers, plug-ins and potpourri can all help usher in a feeling of freshness.
Of course, it wouldn’t be spring cleaning if you didn’t rummage through closets and storage rooms to declutter and discard. If the idea of sorting through piles of old “junk” fills you with dread, then consider holding a yard or garage sale to get motivated.
If you’ve been driving your vehicle all winter, here are several maintenance tips that are strongly recommended:
Check your tire pressure. Gases, when heated, will expand. This means that as the weather gets warmer, you run the risk of driving on overinflated tires. Be sure to check your tire pressure to ensure a smooth ride and to avoid tire blowout. And while on the subject of tires, it’s important to rotate them every 5,000 to 8,000 miles.
Check your equipment. You’ll want to clean your windshield wiper blades, as these can become incredibly dirty after an entire winter of removing ice, snow and sand from your windshield. You should also have the belts and hoses of your engine inspected. Winter weather is especially tough on them and they can develop cracks in the colder temperature.
Have your car washed. Having your car washed, waxed and detailed may seem to serve an aesthetic purpose only, but it can greatly increase the longevity of your vehicle. You’ll want to wash off any salt and chemicals that have built up on the car’s exterior over the course of the winter as they can cause corrosion.
In addition, it’s important to remove any salt or sand that has been brought into the car’s interior, and to coat any leather with a protective conditioner to prevent cracking that may occur from sun exposure.
If you own a vehicle that is only driven during the warmer months, such as an antique car or motorcycle, then you’ll want to follow some additional inspection and maintenance tips before taking your summer vehicle on the road:
- Drain and replace any fluids, including gasoline that doesn’t have fuel stabilizer, from the vehicle. This is especially important for brake fluid as it can easily absorb moisture over the winter.
- Test the engine battery to make sure that it has enough juice. You may want to use a “smart” battery charger, which will automatically turn itself off before overcharging and damaging the battery.
- Check tires for flat spotting and bring the tire pressure up to specifications. If there are signs of flat spotting, or cracking, it may be worth it to buy all new tires.
These tips aren’t confined to your vehicles only. Lawn equipment such as ride-on and push mowers, leaf blowers and weed whackers all require springtime maintenance. Draining and replacing any fluids, as well as charging the battery is a good place to begin when trying to start lawn equipment that has been sitting in a shed all winter.
Once your landscaping tools are in proper working order, it’s time to go after the lawn and garden. Whatever your landscaping aspirations are, you’ll need to lay down the foundation work early in the season. This checklist will help you get your property in tip-top shape – or set the stage for a much larger and ambitious landscaping project.
Take a rake to it. The first step you should take is to rake up any leaves and loose sticks that are on your property. Raking will also help you to break up the soil to get it ready to receive the nutrients it needs to grow. And don’t forget to get into the garden and rip up any weeds or dead plants that aren’t perennials.
Fill the gaps. Now is the time to fill in missing patches of grass by laying down seed or sod. You should also lay down a couple inches of mulch in your gardens or around any plants to help them maintain moisture and temperature.
Aerate it out. Aerating your lawn will help it draw in more moisture, nutrients and oxygen. If you have a riding lawn mower then adding an aerating attachment is the best way to go.
Take a little off the top. Once your grass is growing, you should cut it to a height of 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches. You should also cut it frequently, so that you never have to remove more than one third of the grass. Doing so will ensure a thicker, greener lawn that can survive the summer heat.
With spring’s vibrant colors, warm sunlight and cool, gentle breezes, it’s no wonder why it’s the favorite season of so many people. With a little preparation, decoration and care you can make the most of the season, whether you’re relaxing at home or driving to a barbecue.
Keep Reading: The Ultimate Guide to Home Maintenance and Safety